CITROEN, Big Company with a Big History


CITROEN, Big Company with a Big History

CITROEN

CITROEN is a French car manufacturer founded in 1919 and founded by CITROEN. The company named after the company and its offices are located in Roy Fraction Paris

A company manufactures cars in large quantities for many markets (eg, Rolls Royce). It known for its clear design. The Traction Avant, the world’s first commercial front – wheel drive, dazzled the world’s Citroen in 1934. Until the late 1980s, the car was famous for its revolutionary design. In addition, its distinctive 2CV model known as the duck, which continued to produce from 1948 to 1990. In recent years, the company has worked hard to regain its position in the car market and has achieved the purpose of this attempt

Company Date

CITROEN, Big Company with a Big History

CITROEN was building armor for the French army during the First World War. After the war, CITROEN had a factory without production, and in 1919 he started producing cars and started production with the type A car

The CITROEN logo is a double military emblem that refers to the double helical gear that CITROEN invented. Nevertheless, there are other theories to explain a slogan that Andre Citroën was a world-known Masonic Jew and associated with the La Philosophies Positive shelter in Paris. The logo can be interpreted as a Masonic symbol as a double Masonic box or a needle of the double Masonic compass in connection with the Masonry of Andrei Citroen and his invention of coupling Double helical. In Freemasonry, the compass symbolizes the instruments of the architect so it is possible that this symbol refers to the creation of Citroen for the double helical spiral

CITROEN was a veteran marketer who used the Eiffel Tower as the world’s largest billboard as referred to in the Guinness Book of Records. Citroen was also the sponsor of many exploratory campaigns for Asia and Africa, with the intention of shedding light on the ability of cars equipped with the Egresses track to walk on unpaved roads. These campaigns included scientists and journalists and have received great media success

In 1924, CITROEN began working relationships with the American engineer Edward Bad, who was working on the development of structures for cars of stainless steel. He first worked for Dodge and then joined CITROEN, which introduced the first fully metal car in Europe. In 1928

Initially, the designs and cars were successful, but competitors who were still using wooden structures presented new designs, while CITROEN did not offer new designs for its tracks, making it an old-fashioned title. But Citroen still sells cars with big numbers, but the price of the cheap car was the main driver of the purchase and Citroen suffered heavy losses. The company had a revolutionary model – at the time – the Traction Avanti, which was sophisticated to the point where the competitors eliminated. This car contained three revolutionary specifications: front wheel, front suspension, Citroen commissioned Edward Bad to introduce the Mabadi model from which the 32-horse Traction Avanti emerged in 1934

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The Traction Avanti has set the basic standards for mechanical designs followed in the MINI 30 years later and almost all carmakers now.

In 1933 CITROEN introduced the Rosalie and was the first commercially produced diesel-powered vehicle developed by Harry Ricardo

In order to achieve rapid development of Traction Avant, the company incurred huge sums which contributed to the destruction of the company economically, which led to the closure of the company in advance to take over the largest shareholder in the success of the company at all Michelin tires and Michelin luck of the Traction Avanti was a great success and continued that design philosophy To continue

CITROEN has always been known for its lack of capital and its models have been little developed when first introduced and distributed and few services. For both the DS and CX models, the engine that planned for both was almost impossible for lack of financial resources, so they delivered with an old 4-cylinder engine

During the period of German occupation during the Second World War, the design engineers worked in secret on many of the imaginative models that presented to the market later. These are the 2 CVs and DS, which were considered by contemporary journalists to be exceptional designs and leading solutions for car design

This began the loyalty period for the manufacturer, which enjoyed by very distinctive cars only such as Porsche and Ferrari. Loyalty to Citroen began to fade over time and it took two decades from 1975 to 1995

The CITROEN 2CV was introduced in 1948 in the Paris Salon and has become a huge sales vehicle. The goal was to provide a replacement for the horse at the French countryside. The car remained in production lines with minor modifications until 1990 and seen on French streets until recently

CITROEN, Big Company with a Big History

 

1955 saw the launch of the Citroen DS and was the first car to use the legendary hydropneumatic self-leveling suspension, which was tested on the rear suspension of the latest models of Tractions. The DS was also the first European car with a disc brake. The DS was equipped with power steering, power brakes, and power suspension and since 1968 it has been equipped with directional headlights. A high-pressure system used to move the six-speed drive to carry the handle on the gearbox to transfer the torque and Citromatic launched on the semi-automatic systems

The hydraulic high-pressure system mainly used in many CITROEN models including SM, GS, CX, BX, XM, and Xantia. Those cars complained about the unique feature. They rise from the ground when the engine is run like a mechanical shaft. This feature was able to remove obstacles, slow walking, and tire changes. This system was able to absorb road bumps without disturbing the passengers

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CITROEN was one of the pioneers of automotive design based on aerodynamic aerodynamics in order to improve fuel consumption in the car and improve performance at high speeds by reducing the air position of the vehicle

Financial Restructuring

In 1963 CITROEN set up commissioners with Peugeot to purchase raw materials and equipment, but negotiations were made in 1965. In the same year, Citroen Amher Pan hard Auto Company hoped to take advantage of its experience in medium-sized cars to complement its own small- The large and expensive cars and the cooperation between the two companies began 12 years later and they agreed to a partial merger between the two companies in the branches of sales and stopped Bann hard from the production of cars in 1967

In 1968, CITROEN was restructured to become a holding company Citroën SA and two partners, the success partner of CITROEN, sold 49% of the company’s shares (AZI is a holding company and sells shares, but I do not think it would be better) PARDEVI or Participation et Development Industrials. In the same year, CITROEN bought the Italian manufacturer Maserati and launched the grand tourer SM, which contained a Maserati V6 burner. The SM designed to replace the DS, which would have been required unless the GT section was to withstand it even under the best conditions.

Conditions worsened again in the Septuagint where CITROEN suffered another financial crisis during the 1973 energy crisis because of the ongoing war. The crisis caused by Citroen’s mistake of 15 years without a model of the average size of the lucrative European market, as well as the enormous development costs of many of the CITROEN and Malazarti models, each of which is an engineering wing

PSA era

CITROEN, Big Company with a Big History

Citroen was weak and did not bear losses in the car market because of the energy crisis. Fiat reinstated its 49% stake in Michelin. Less than a year later, the company broke down and the French government feared losing jobs. Citroen and Peugeot in one company and in 1974 bought Peugeot 38.2% of CITROEN shares and became the management of all the activities of the company, especially research, purchase, and investment

Peugeot Maserati sold to Detomasi in May 1975 and the Italian company was able to quickly show off its ambitious face and sell tens of hundreds of newly designed dual-charger masers

Peugeot controlled CITROEN in 1976 after Peugeot SA acquired 90% of Citroen’s shares and the two companies merged into one holding company, PSA Peugeot Citroën. Since Citroen had several successful models in the market at the time and Peugeot also in the economics of the PSA was successful speculation between 1976-1979 and then bought PSA Chrysler branch in Europe, resulting in losses of the company between 1980 – 1985

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Peugeot has gradually moved to reduce Citroen’s ambition for engineering and design to reshape the car into economical cars. In the 1980s, the CITROEN cars built on Peugeot cars. By the end of that decade, the most prominent features of Citroen had virtually disappeared. This appeared in the model AX GT Woo, which known for its poor driving characteristics as opposed to the Citroen specification

CITROEN has expanded to include new geographical areas. A small car designed to be manufactured in Romania and sold in Western Europe called Optic or Axel. There is relatively recent speculation between PSA and Toyota, which produces small cars in the Czech Republic such as the Citroën C1. CITROEN has spread throughout the entire North American world since 1974 when the SM car banned from the market for not conforming to specifications

Citroen recently launched the C3 Plural, which represents the company’s return to creative design after a period of production of ordinary cars during the nineties. Examples of creative cars include C2, C4, and C6, which was the last car to join the fleet of former French President Jacques Chirac

In 2003, Citroen sold 1,372,500 cars, according to the PSA’s annual report

CITROEN announced that sales in the first half of 2007 were stable at 764,000 vehicles, sales rose by 1.7% over the same period last year and the European market share increased to 14.2% from 14% last year

Cooperation with other companies

Citroen” was established in cooperation with Fiat and was called “Society Europeans de vehicles” (“sevel”). The shareholding was 50% for Fiat, 25% for Peugeot and 25% “For Citroen”. Because of the agreement, two manufacturers assembled the cars produced by the three companies, Another partnership is Toyota, which is developing and manufacturing models of cars that are compatible with cities and this done in a factory in the state of “Czech”, a modern in all its possibilities

It is the partnership that produced the new company, known as the Toyota Peugeot Citroen automobile. The name abbreviated as “types”. The plant is currently producing Citroen, Peugeot 107, “Toyota Aygo

Collaboration with Peugeot CITROEN was with BMW, which aims to produce new engines, Prince Engines, to replace the current TU engine family

In 2005, the company allied with Mitsubishi, and based on the alliance between them, the group imported the Citroen and Peugeot 4007 cars in order to sell them in European markets

 

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